These are the true Old Roses of early European origin. They flower only once in the summer, but then provide us with a magnificent display. They are extremely tough-living almost indefinitely-and of course, have a wonderful fragrance. They require little pruning. This should take the form of the thinning out of weak and old growth. For larger flowers, the remaining growth may be reduced by one third, if desired. Excellent garden shrubs that flower in early summer only.